The Silence Stages

Since 2005 I have been visiting more than 430 ancient greek and roman theatres around 18 countries, taking photographs and information. These blog is dedicated to all that experience.

Desde 2005 he visitado más de 430 teatros y odeones, griegos y romanos en 18 países, tomando fotografías y recopilando información. Este blog está dedicado a toda esta experiencia.

Saturday, 30 July 2011

Cyrene (Shahat)

CYRENE (Shahat), ancient Cyrenaica, modern Libya.

COORDINATES: 32º49’12.59’’N // 21º51’26.20’’E
TIPOLOGY: Roman theatre. Urban. Called “Market theatre” or “Theatre of Suk”.
DATE: Last quarter of IV A.D. It is one of the five theatres or odeons that there are in Cyrene.
TRANSFORMATIONS: The theatre was transformed in kolymbethra in V a.D., for aquatic games.
CAVEA: Facing North. 40 m. diameter. Built against slope. Irregular semi-circle.  Maenianum: Ima cavea with 6 rows of seat in 5 cunei; Summa cavea with 7 rows in 5 cunei. There were  not aditus maximi but lateral passageways. Before the theatre was built there was a religious complex in the area built in II A.D., in fact a small temple dedicated to Asklepiusand Hygeia, destroyed by an earthquake in 365 A.D.
ORCHESTRA: 15,5 m. diameter, surrounded by a podium.
STAGE BUILDING: Proscaenium was built with reused II A.D. stones. Scaenae frons was rectilinear with three doors.
LOCATION: “Market theatre” is north of Agora, in the central quarter, close to the road that runs between the north hill and south hill.
MY BEDSIDE TABLE: Sear, Frank; “Roman theatres: an architectural study”. Oxford University Press, 2006. // Ciancio Rossetto, Paola; Giuseppina Pisani Sartorio (eds); “Teatri Greci e Romani: alle origini del linguaggio rappresentato”. Rome: SEAT, 1995.// Di Vita, Antonio; Di Vita-Evrard, Ginette; Bacchielli, Lidiano; “Libia antigua”. Barcelona, Könemann, 1999. // Dal Bosco, Oriana; Grassi, Maria Teresa; “Mediterranean and Roman Libya”. Firenze, Polaris, 2005. // Goodchild, Richard; “Cyrene and Apollonia. An historical guide”. Tripoli, Dar-Al Fergiani, 1993.

OUT OF PRINT: There are ancient cities that had more than one ancient theatre; for example in Jerash, in Joedan, there are three, or in Gortyn -Creta, Greece- there are four. The ancient that preserves more ancient theatres is Cyrene, in modern Lybia, it has remains of five ancient theatres, some of them well preserved; we talk about five, but we could consider six if we consider the ancient Greek theater of Apollonia, in fact Cyrene´s port, 14 klm. nort-east from the city –see the my information about Apollonia in the blog-. It was a long day to discover ancient Cyrene... not only for the number of ancient theatres, each of the diferent, but for all that ancient Greek and Roman city was.

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